Hodge Family History Research
As I gather data, I’ll throw it here. It will also appear in search engines — and we’ll see what linkages and comments appear from all and sundry!
This data shows that Liam is a 6th generation Australian, on his father’s side, and has roots into the Lutheran-German community now in South Australia. I can confidently show Liam’s ancestors to 1686: 9 generations back in time; always on the far eastern shores of Fife, Scotland.
From Relatives who found this page, and have provided more information:
- Meet Mary Milne, my Great- Great- Great- Grandmother
- Meet David Melville Hodge. My Great-Great-Grandfather
- Hodge Family History Update – November 2008
- Private Angus Hodge
According to Whats in your name?, Hodge means: [also Hodg, Hoge, Hog]
English, patronymic derived from HODGE, the common nickname for ROGER ‘fame, spear’; the name was made popular after the Norman Conquest by Roger of Montgomery who distinguished himself at the Battle of Hastings.
Also, according to Hodge
Hodge/Hudge/Hodgin/Hodgen: English Patronymic name from the pet name Hodge, which was derived from the given name Roger. Roger came to England as Rogier courtesy of the conquering Normans.
In reference to Hodge Hill Common: a precious piece of undeveloped land around the junction of the Coleshill Road and Bromford Road. Hodge is probably the family name of a medieval landowner, but this was also a by-name of Roger, used as a patronising nickname for an agricultural labourer, ie. ‘a country bumpkin’.
Melville Hodge, son of John, father of David Melville Hodge came out on the Joseph Rowan to Adelaide on June 16th 1854 from County Fife Scotland via Liverpool (County Fife). It looks like he wasn’t alone: Joseph Rowan Search; there were 376 other government immigrants into a colony that had just been pronounced (South Australia, 1836) and found gold (1851). His occupation was described as Ploughman and Miner, and religion as Presbetyrian. He was 51 when he arrived in Australia, had a son when he was 57 and died later in the same year. The name is sometimes written down as: Melvil Hodge, Melvill Hodge or Melville Hodge.
Janet Crombie died of bowel inflammation at sea on the 28th March 1854, only 7 days out of Liverpool. Only one other person died on this voyage. Her age was listed as 48 years old; although she was 58 if the birth certificate is correct.
On the Josepth Rowan are Jessie Hodge (21, a servant) and a Melville Hodge (47, Farm Labourer). It may be possible Janet was also known as Jessie. Where is Melville’s other son, Thomas Hodge? He seems to have gone missing, and certainly did not emigrate at the same time as Melville.
A recent search in the 1841 Scotland Census shows that Melvill was married to a Janet Crombie in 28th December 1828, and at this time had two children: Janet (born 8th Sep 1836) and a younger Thomas (born to Melvil and Janet on 23rd December 1834 in parish of Cameron, Fife, Scotland). Other census details: Where born: Fife, Scotland; Civil parish: Monimail; County: Fife; Address: Carslogie O Its Cottages; Occupation: Ag Lab [Agricultural Labourer].
From Google Maps, there is Carslogie Road coming from a town called Cupar. Carslogie Road, Forfar, Scotland. A similar search of this county/region of a similar age returns: ‘Culross – Saint Cyrus’, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1846). Monimail is a parish to the west of the town of Cupar; and the Carslogie Cottage is now in ruins on this road. By 1851, 3 years before the family moved to South Australia, he had moved to Leuchars; Janet was 42, he was 40 and Thomas was 15. Both Thomas and Melville are listed at Agicultural labourers.
Further research is interesting. (at Scots Origins) A Melvil Hodge (note the recorded spelling) has a birth registered on 23rd November 1803, son of a John Hodge and Elspeth Clark (married 29 March 1793).
The parish, St. Andrews And St. Leonards, is strangely in the region where golf was invented! The east-coast of Scotland. This school, having similar name to the parish, has an interesting location map St Andrews & St Leonards Parish School and Parishes of Fife, Scotland. The Fife Family History Society provides an interesting perspective on the life and times of the shire, including industries etc. during Melvil’s lifetime.
John Hodge, born in the same parish, 28th March 1771 to a James Hodge and Mary Scot. No record found of a James Hodge birth in this parish (although there are many James Hodge’s in the county of Fife within the range of years, and the only James Hodge in Kingsbarn is too young to be married in 1763), but there is a record of a birth of Mary Scot on 24th April 1753 in this parish to a Hary Scott and Mary Sivess. James Hodge married Mary Scot at Kingsbarn, Fife, Scotland on 23 November 1763. Kingsbarn parish is directly to the east of St Andrews.
Janet Crombie born 1806, married Melville on 28 December 1828 at St. Andrews And St. Leonards, Fife, Scotland and evidently died at sea. On this voyage there is also a Thomas described as a agricultural labourer and a Jessie described as a servant. (born 1836, died in 1854 at about 18 years of age in Scotland – therefore not on the voyage? There is no record of parentage in the database, so it could be a different person)
So what drove Melvil Hodge to leave Fife in Scotland? 1854 is about the same time as the Crimean War, and by my calculations he was at least 45-50 when he left Scotland. A rather old age (in those times) to up and leave. Hodges in Fife, Scotland. If his daughter, Jessie died in 1854 as recorded, did they leave for other reasons? This story about Caroline Parish provides a perspective on the mid 19th century.
Melvil remarried a Mary Milne (born 26th December 1830 in ForFar, Angus, Scotland) whose mother was a Jean Stewart and father James Milne which with my new info comes up in the family, which seem to have come out on the same boat.
Melville himself died in 1860 and Mary remarried a James Couzins. David Melville Hodge left home at about 11 due to not getting on with his step father but he got married at his stepfather’s home.
David Melville Hodge, born 18 Oct 1860, Cockatoo Valley/North Rhine, South Australia. Died 6th September 1937. Married Julia Florence Pilgrim 2 October 1885, Clare, South Australia. (parents: John Pilgrim born Essex 13 Apr 1834 and Judith Brown, Naomi Frost born Essex 26 Apr 1831)
David Melville was a miner of sorts. He went to Broken Hill and also went by boat up to the Kimberleys; the family has of a diary that he wrote about this trip. He also wrote poetry, and was a bit of a wanderlust. Family talk is that he had a fierce temper and would whip a bullock til it fell. After living in the Midnorth of South Australia, he then “retired’ in Adelaide, and subequently purchased land over on the Lock-Elliston road with his sons.
The last piece of farming land on Eyre Peninsula owned by this Hodge family was Section 36, Hundred of Cowan, District Council of Elliston (Eyre Peninsula, South Australia). This property bordered the Bascombe Well Conservation Park on the western-side of the centre line (railway line) that splits Eyre Peninsula in two. The property was bordered the “western side” of the Dog Fence running from south to north on Eyre Peninsula. This side of the Dog Fence is where the dingos where “free to roam” and eat sheep. The eastern side was protected from the dingos due to the fine almost chain-link fencing.
On my mother’s side, one family came out to South Australia from Silesia. They were Wends in 1848 on the ship “Victoria”. On the other branch of my mother’s family, only 2 brothers came out and their parents are not known. They came out from Prussia in 1860 on the “Emmy”. One was a cooper by trade.
The Wends, according to Wikipedia, is a transliteration of Vandals. So, on my mother’s side – our ancenstors vandalised the known, civilised Roman world. Cool. If you know my mum, you know exactly out of character this is!
There is a saying in my family: if you’re German and from South Australia, then we’re probably related. Somehow! Fleeing persecution of a state-mandated Catholic religion (there was nothing scarier to a Lutherans in the 16th through 19th century than Catholic overlords), many emigrated to South Australia. More info is here: Germans in Poland
From The top Shiraz from Down Under by Michael Franz of the The Washington Post
The place itself is a study in contrasts. Most wineries are stunningly modern, at least on the inside, with futuristic laboratories and all manner of glistening steel gizmos. But if you take a walk down the street of a Barossa town, past an old stone Lutheran church and shops selling everything from strudel to sauerbraten, you’d swear the place was transplanted from 19th-century Prussia.
And in essence you’d be correct. The Barossa was settled in the mid-19th century by entire towns from Silesia (now part of Poland), led by Lutheran pastors who preferred relocation to adopting the revised religious service mandated by Prussian King Frederick Wilhelm III. The land was surveyed and the towns were laid out even before the settlers arrived, and every family received about 30 acres. These plots were prudently planted with several different crops, and wine grapes were almost always included.